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The 36Th Anniversary Of Islamic Revolution In Iran

By Sheikh Muhammad Mahmud Turi
In the name of Allah who states “… verily, never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves with their own souls” Q13:11 

May His everlasting peace and blessings be upon His noble servant, our master Muhammad and his pure progeny.

I wished I could put these lines in the second week of February when the Islamic republic of Iran commemorated its 36th anniversary, amidst some tight schedules.

The Islamic revolution in Iran was no doubt one of those things that did not just happened by coincidence, but part of the grand design of Allah the creator and disposer of all affairs.

Allah says “….if ye turn back (from the path), He will substitute in your stead Another people; then they would not be like you” Q47:37

In a hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah, as recorded by Imam al – Tabari, the companions asked the messenger; with whom should we be substituted if we turn back? He touched the shoulder of Salman and said this and his people!

Imam Jaafar al – Saadiq (as recorded in volume two of Bihar al – Anwar, pages 445 and 446) has said “A great man of Qom will invite people towards truth and freedom, and they will accept his call resolutely and with an iron will gather round him. They are individuals who fear no calamities and unpleasant happenings and never tire of combat and endeavor. Their only hope and refuse is Allah. Ultimate victory and success belong to chaste and virtuous people and those who follow the way of Allah”

To know the extent of the late Imam Khomeini’s works, one must study Iran before the success of Islamic revolution. In other words, when it was completely subservient to Israel, America and other Western powers. Those days, it was neither productive nor self – reliant. Farming was killed through a memorandum signed with Israel in the name of what they called white revolution.

Education, health, trade and all other sectors of human endeavors were deliberately destroyed.

Their good virtues and moral values were at down due to infiltration of western cultures that encouraged all sorts of immoral activities in the name of freedom and civilization.

The Shah’s inherited monarchy was very strong seeing the light for over two thousand years relatively unopposed.

The young Imam Khomeini, leader of the revolution and founder of the Islamic republic was born to a renowned family of scholarship, devotion and jihad on the 20th of Jimada – thani, 1420 H, equivalent to 24th September, 1902 in Khomein, central province of Iran.

His father, Ayatollah Sayyid Mustapha named him Ruhullah, al – Moosawi al – Khomeini in line with his blessed lineage with the noble prophet (s). The Imam started his educational career from his knowledgeable father who after extensive scholarship was given license to practice in his people.

No doubt, the Imam was blessed with known superlative intelligence in his wide and long history of scholarship from his parent, elder brother Morteza Pasandideh and scholars from theological assembly of Arak and other places.

Not long however, his father, Sayyid Mustapha was assassinated by the Shah’s regime for his prominent rise against its tyranny. The Imam’s mother, Banoo Hajar was the daughter of Ayatollah Khonsari from the famous family of knowledge and chastity.

Imam later migrated to Qom where he took complementary lessons in rhetoric, jurisprudence, Arabic, spiritual sciences and mysticism, ethics, literature, logic, philosophy, astronomy from grand Ayatollah Hajj. Abdul Kareem Haeri Yazdi, in addition to deep studies in Islamic and western philosophy.

The Imam married Sayyidah Khadija Khanom, daughter of a great scholar at the age of twenty seven and was blessed with Saada; Mustapha, Ahmad and Zahra among other children.

Treading the steps of his martyred father, the Imam courageously led the struggle against tyranny and oppression to its conclusive end. Proudly, this great scholar and Islamic personality has led to success the best remembered and ever – lasting revolution of the last centuries.

As we know, of all the social changes such as coup, reform, revolt, liberation, separation and revolution, the latter is the best form for its significant and long lasting effects to societies.

Coup is considered a sudden, illegal and often violent change of government from within. Reform is a gradual legal movement within the system under social pressure which results in changes. Revolt is an uprising against a political system with no leadership plan for succession. Liberation on the other hand is a movement against foreign domination by the people or rather a kind of independence agitation while separation is a local geographical struggle against a central government.

However, revolution, the subject of our today’s piece is a popular uprising for a complete change in political power and fundamental dominatory values in a society. The six successful revolutions historically recorded were; the French, 1789, the Russian 1917, the Chinese 1949, the Cuban 1959 and the Iranian and Nicaraguan in 1979 respectively.

Revolution involves a lot of struggles and confrontation leading to loss of life and destruction of property but with positive result. For example millions of people were lost in the Russian revolution, twenty thousand in Cuba, 2% of Nicaraguan population and tens of thousands in Iran.

Obviously, the Islamic revolution in Iran was very exceptional in the way and time it triumphantly occurred bearing the nature of Islam which totally opposes tyranny and oppression. Discussing the Islamic revolution in Iran is tantamount to swimming in a boundless ocean, as it has many aspects for justice to be made. However, in a piece like this, I can only stress few lessons for our reflection.

Right from his twenties, the Imam preached against the tyrannical leadership of the Shah who was used by Western powers in suppressing the people and exploiting their resources in addition to various Islamic disciplines he taught selflessly. Consequently, the Imam and his students were severely persecuted for their faith. Sometimes soldiers would attack the prominent Faydhiyyah school where the Imam taught throwing students down from its top leading to their martyrdom, including many assassination attempts on the life of the Imam.

On his scholarly activities, the Imam has authored numerous books which include Tahreerul waseelah, Kashful asraar and hukuumatul islamiyyah – governance of the jurist, which emphasized the need for submission to religious authority of the jurist, among others.

The Imam was forced to migrate to Turkey, Iraq and finally to France for his staunch position against the western backed – Shah administration for the period of fourteen years from around 1965 to 1979!

On the Imam’s return from Paris, he was warmly welcomed by more than seven million people chanting “Allahu Akbar” “neither East nor West, but Islamic republic!” “Khomeini is the leader” and so on, at the Beheshti Zahra – a graveyard where most of the revolution martyrs were buried for his historic address to the nation. And no sooner he had finished, things began to change for better as government forces like the Air force began to pay allegiance to him!

With the fall of the Shah government under his stooge Baktiar, Imam said “Islam and the Islamic republic is a trust given to us by Allah, the Most Exalted and Most High”

He immediately ordered for the historic referendum of the 1st April, 1979 for the establishment of Islamic republic where more than 98% voted in support, hence, the establishment of Islamic system and republic after many years of struggle and sacrifice against injustice.

Evidently, the Islamic system was the only guarantee to freedom and justice in the country. With absolute help of Allah the success was realized despite the countless western and eastern conspiracies under physical execution of their lackeys. This struggle has also encouraged all other people in the world to free themselves from the shackles of western domination and enslavement.

After the success of the revolution, enemies of the Islamic republic used their direct and indirect influences to frustrate the efforts of the Imam but all proved abortive. Use of counter revolutionary groups such as Munafiqun Khalq Organization (MKO), then Iraqi despotic leader, Saddam Hussein, the CIA, the SAVAK and many others who were sufficiently funded woefully failed and to its dismay witnessed the accelerated development of the greatest revolution ever in history.

The Islamic republic of Iran which stands firm like Mount Everest is apparently envied by Israel, America and western powers that are only good in domination of the weak, exploitation of people’s resources and promotion of evils including same sex marriage in the name of freedom.

The unending nuclear talk is a clear evidence of such envies against the fast growing Islamic state not in science and technology alone but all fields of human endeavors. Whoever travelled to Iran or fully aware of the status quo can attest to the fact that the country is successful indeed!

And unlike in the kingdoms, sheikhdoms and sultanates of the Arab/Asian that traditionally or partially apply shari’ah, its application in Iran is total. And in the light of the concept of Wilayatul faqih, today’s Iran has replaced the shah’s monarchy with absolute Islamic system under leadership of the pious.

Both the state and nation are under a spiritual leader who is the custodian of Islamic rules and values. Under him is the all – Ulama Guardian council that supervises all laws passed by the National Assembly to ensure strict compliance with Islamic shari’ah.

Apart from the spiritual leader, Guardian council and the Majlis, there are the country’s president who heads the executive arm of the government as the custodian of its constitution and the independent Judiciary. The five arms work harmoniously and are not only accountable to one another but most importantly to Allah the omnipresent and Most High!

Right from the days of the Imam, the Islamic revolution has achieved a lot. And, with the thirty six years after, the country has tremendously developed in science, economy, infrastructure and space technology!

Most interestingly is the simplicity of life led by political and working class due to the example set by the Imam himself. I shed tears during my first visit to the small house the Imam rented and lived in Jamaran, northern Tehran from which he demised on 6th June 1989! May Allah shower His endless mercy on him.

The Imam will remain remembered for significant institutions like the International Quds day, the Unity week and International women’s day among others, in addition to his prophesies on the collapse of communism and global rise of Islam!

 

The Imam was succeeded by his sincere, brilliant, audacious and pious student……