Skip to content Skip to footer

87th Sermon from Nahjul Balagha was Treated by Sayyed on Monday

By Dauda Nalado -On Monday 14/3/1433H (6/2/2012), the activities of the Unity week continued with the lessons from Nahjul Balagah from 4:30-6:30 pm. It is an established practice for many years that Sayyeed Zakzaky (H) conducts lessons from Nahjul Balagah every Monday.

Nahjul Balagah or peak of eloquence is a collection of the sermons, sayings, preaching and letters made by Ameeril mu’mineen Aliy bn Abi Talib (AS).
The qualities of unfaithful Scholars.


This time the lesson is  from the 87th sermon, part two which deals with qualities of unfaithful scholars was considered. Already part one which deals with qualities of a faithful scholar was treated in the previous lesson. Below is the translation of the text:

“While the other (kind of) man is he who calls himself learned but he is not so. He has gleaned ignorance from the ignorant and misguidance from the misguided. He has set for the people a trap (made) of the ropes of deceit and untrue speech. He takes the Qur’an according to his own views and right after his passions. He makes people feel safe from big sins and takes light the serious crimes. He says that he is waiting for (clarification of) doubts but he remains plunged therein and that he keeps aloof from innovations but actually he is immersed in them. His shape is that of a man but his heart is that of a beast. He does not know the door of guidance to follow nor the door of misguidance to keep aloof therefrom. These are living dead bodies.”

Sayyeed (H) made detailed explanations on the above text. He noted that the condition of most of our contemporary ‘sheikhs’ fits well the qualities explained in the above text. Genuine knowledge is the one that is acquired through the proper channel. The Prophet (SAWA) was the city of knowledge. Imam Ali (AS) was the gate to that city. Anybody who wants authentic knowledge has to follow through the gate otherwise he is susceptible to collect garbage through the backdoor and present it as knowledge.

The Muslim Ummah, noted Sayyeed in the course of his explanation, got firaq (divisions) as a result of the adulterated knowledge that has been acquired not through the gate. The mujassima, karamiyya, Ash’ariyya, and mu’tazila are some examples of such major contradictory divisions. The irony of the matter is that they all claim to establish their ideologies from the Holy Qur’an. The Qur’an, however, is one. So how can it contradict its teaching? One can clearly see how the scholars subject the Qur’an according to their own views and right after their passions as stated in the above text.

Sayyeed Zakzaky (H) also added some explanations on the knowledge of mutashabbihat (the allegorical verses) in the Holy Qur’an.

He it is Who has revealed the Book to you; some of its verses are decisive, they are the basis of the Book, and others are allegorical; then as for those in whose hearts there is perversity they follow the part of it which is allegorical, seeking to mislead and seeking to give it (their own) interpretation. But none knows its interpretation except Allah and those who are firmly rooted in knowledge. say: We believe in it, it is all from our Lord; and none do mind except those having understanding. (Qur’an 3: 7)

The Ahlul Bayt are those who are firmly rooted in knowledge. They are therefore the only scholars who could provide ta’weel (proper explanation) of the Qur’an.