By Shaheed Ibrahim Usman
Mahmud Jega’s Monday Column in the Daily Trust news paper titled, “Kongo, Golan Heights and Km 101”, prompted me to write and point out what all speakers, well wishers and goodwill messages left out at the recent 50 th anniversary of Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria, the “largest univeresity South of Sahara”, as it is being described.
It is very correct to say that ABU has been a breeding ground for all shades of ideologies and opinions . it is not an overstatement to say that the university, through the students it has bred and nurtured, has made contribution to Nigeria’s development more than any other institution. Among all those who spoke or wrote catalogue of achievements and praises on this centre of excellence in the last fifty years, only Mahmud Jega hinted the one great event in the history of the university that has today culminated into a phenomenon in Nigeria’s history. Mahmud Jega however, missed the point.
History of ABU can never be complete without the mention of Sheikh Ibraheem Yaqub Zakzaky.
Like him, hate him, you cannot ignore this man while discussing great historic events of the univeristy and current situation. Considering what transpired during his student days and what he represents today, i expected the university to present him with an honourary degree, if not for anything, for his long standing ideal, despite trials and tribulations, which made him the last man standing among all its alumni.
Mahmud Jega wrote: “In those days, ABU ws the vanguard of internationalism as well as of ideological battles, African unity, anti-colonilism, opposition to tyranny and military rule, fighting corruption and human rights abuses as well as campus authoritarianism”. The atmosphere at the campus then, as he rightly pointed out, was a clear manifestation of communist ideology in which the left wing rhetoric received a huge boost. It was under this circumstance that the young, vibrant Ibraheem Yaqub Zakzaky emerged on the campus of ABU and changed the equation.
He came to the university in the 70s, when religious manifestation and practice were not in vogue. Practical Islam in particular, moderate or extreme as some categorized it, was near impossible and unthinkable. It was a period when the world was dominated by two ideological powers represented by the East (Russia) and West (US), and the world was forced to belong to either of the side. For the love of “social justice”, both lecturers and students were inclined to the left wing communist ideology. You are termed as “anti-social” if you did not tilt to the communist fold of comrades. For historical purpose and chronological understanding of the events, we can say that the Iranian revolution had inspired Muslim activists at ABU headed by Zakzaky, as Jega noted. Islamic activism started by Zakzaky had preceded the Islamic revolution in Iran, it only added to his hope and served as a model for him and members.
When the Movement started, members were dismissed as “Students”, and because of their collective brotherhood worthy of emulation, were later termed “ Muslim Brothers”. It was only in the early 90s that because of the evident inspiration from the Islamic revolution in Iran, members of the Movement are referred to as “Shi’ites”.
Young Ibraheem Zakzaky coincidentally found himself at the epicenter of ideological battles, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS), to read Economics. The then two dominant world ideologies were nothing short of economy and ownership. When left wing revolutionary lecturers in ABU were enticing gullible students with fiery speeches and debates, calling for the establishment of Socialist/Communist Nigeria, the students marching all over the country chanting, Struggle continues! Victory is certain!”, the Right Wing fiercely on the defensive, young Ibraheem Zakzaky presented Islam as a new world view and order to the disgruntled and disenchanted university youths that were fed up with the impractical ideological jargons of the West and East. Through sermons and study sessions, he translated the Islamic world view and attitude into a practical programme. At every opportunity, he had to switch from the more common religious topics that other Islamic scholars of his time were discussing, to more serious ones that bordered on justice, rights and freedom.
His mates in the university got endeared to him and rallied around him. Zakzaky was able to replace left-wing bibles of those days such as Das Kapital by Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Fredrich Engels , State and Revolution by Vladimir Lenin Quotation from Chairman Mao (The Little Red Book), On Practice by Mao Zedong, Collected Works of Enver Hoxha , How Europe Underdeveloped Africa by Walter Rodney, Wretched of the Earth by Franz Fanon, For the Liberation of Nigeria by Yusuf Bala Usman, etc, which were must read in every discipline in FASS, with struggles and writings of Islamic revolutionaries and theoreticians that represented manifestoes of Islamic ideology. Such books include, Jundullah by Sa’eed Hawa, Ma'alim fi al-Tariq (Milestone) by Sayyed al-Kutub, and in later years books of contemporary Islamic scholars such Ayatollah Baqir Sadr, “ Iqtisaduna” (Our Economy). This book was a deadly blow to the concept of dialectical materialism, it strives to show that Islam has answers to problems of the modern world by presenting an Islamic alternative to both capitalism and socialism. It presents Islamic economics as the natural conclusion of Islamic ideology and therefore justified, entirely independent of other systems of economics.
When the adherents of socialist ideology in ABU and other univerisities were propagating the establishment of socialist system in Nigeria, young Ibraheem Zakzaky and his student colleagues staged an unprecedented demonstration in Zaria tagged, “Islam Only” in 1980, calling for the establishment of Islamic system in Nigeria. The demonstrators comprised only students from different Nigerian universities. That did not go well with not only the university authorities, but the Nigerian government. More dangerous was that some lectures on the campus were tilting to the “new world order” of Islam presented by Zakzaky.
Right from his student days at ABU, Zakzaky and those who answered his call faced unjustified dismissals, arrests and threats. He has today become the prince of international Islamic activism, with a movement much wider and coherent than the univeristy system itself. For the past thirty years or more, he had to suffer and still suffers from persecution and threat from the very world dominant ideologies he had fought as a university student, and is still fighting, in an effort to fulfill his mission. He is the only ABU alumni now standing firmly on the ideal he stood for as a student to date without shifting. Others have either wane with their ideals, or have regretted starting it. You don’t have to like or reason with his ideology to acknowledge this glaring fact.
Today, Zakzaky is an embodiment of truth and justice, whose ideals are growing more popular and gaining wider acceptability from Muslims and non-Muslims alike. This is why he is giving proponents of the New World Order sleepless nights.
I disagree with Mahmud Jega when he said that, the then Vice Chancellor Professor Ango Bdullahi, dealt with Muslims Brothers led by Zakzaky. Victory in war is never measured by the number of casualities, but by its long term repercussion. Who benefits from the expulsions and rustications now? As Zakzaky always say of his university days, he never thought of ‘leading’ any group of people, and that he had wanted to become an unknown civil servat but persecution by the university authorities and government made him full-time Islamic activist. Because of his Islamic activism, his good flying color result was witheld. He was being brought from prison to write the examination.
The likes of Wole Soyinka, who started the Black Axe movement, that we can now conveniently refer to as Secret Cult, during his university days at the university of Ibadan, are being awarded honourary degrees by universities for firm belief in their ideals. I had expected the ABU to present Sheikh Zakzaky an honourary degree as an alumni with long standing ideal; or even mention him as an alumni who has change the course of Nigerian history within the walls of the university, despite being detained for a year + now after on Nigerian government killed his six biological sons and thousands of his followers on 12th Dec. 2015.
Zakzaky does not need an honourary degree for what he stands for. His is a divine responsibility, with its reward in the Hands of Almighty God..
Zakzaky remains the only Man in Africa that has survived a Long history struggle and yet the movement remains unshakable and beyond human imagination.. One unique thing about his movement- IMN, is that El-zakzaky has attracted followers/supporters all over the world and they're ever ready to sacrifice their life for him..
If the world is sincere and honest, ZAKZAKY would have been reorganized as the most powerful man in Africa...
This artilce was written by Ibrahim Usman who was martyred by the Nigerian Soldiers in Zaria December 2014 during attack on Sheikh Zakzaky.